antonym là gì

What Are Antonyms? Explanation and Examples

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Are you familiar with antonyms? Below, we’ll go over examples of antonyms, the different types, and what purpose they serve.

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What does antonym mean?
You may know what antonyms are, but vì thế you know how they can help improve your writing?
What Does “Antonym” Mean?
  • An antonym is a word that has an opposite definition compared lớn that of another word. For example, “hot” is an antonym for “cold.”
  • There are a few different types of antonyms including contronyms (also known as auto-antonyms), graded antonyms, complementary antonyms, and converse antonyms).
  • Familiarizing yourself with antonyms can help you expand your vocabulary, add variety lớn your writing, and help you write comparisons that are easier lớn understand.

What Is an Antonym?

Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. Small is an antonym of big. Stop is an antonym of go. Correct is an antonym of incorrect.

Simple enough, right?

When it comes lớn antonyms, you should keep in mind that:

  • Words can have multiple antonyms (and of varying degrees).
  • Many types of words can be/have an antonym including nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, and prepositions.

Synonyms, on the other hand, are words that have similar meanings. Knowing this, you can deduce that synonym is the antonym of antonym.

Examples of antonyms and synonyms (specifically of easy).
Words can have multiple synonyms and antonyms

Below, we’ll give you more examples of antonyms, go over the different types, and show how they can help elevate your writing.

Examples of Antonyms

What does antonym mean?
Can you think of any other antonyms?

What Are the Different Types of Antonyms (With Examples)?

There are a few different types of antonyms.

1. Auto-Antonyms (Contronyms)

Auto-antonyms (also referred lớn as contronyms) are words that have two meanings that are opposite of each other.

Take the word overlook as an example. It can mean “to fail lớn notice something” or “to look over something or supervise”

We overlooked an error that caused a massive decrease in profits.
Our quấn had lớn overlook the sale of the products.

These two contradictory meanings make “overlook” an auto-antonym. A few more examples are:

Dust (verb): lớn clean or wipe the dust off a surface
Dust (verb: lớn sprinkle a surface with a powder or dust
Back up (phrasal verb): lớn support
Back up (phrasal verb): lớn retreat
Fine (adjective): of superior or high quality
Fine (adjective): acceptable or satisfactory

2. Graded Antonyms

Graded (or gradable) antonyms are those words that fall on the opposite sides of a spectrum when referring lớn a specific quality. For example, hot and cold have lớn vì thế with temperature and are opposites. Other gradable antonyms include:

small — big (size)
near — far (distance)
light — heavy (weight)

3. Complementary Antonyms

Complementary antonyms (sometimes known as binary or contradictory antonyms) offer no middle ground. In other words, something can be one or the other, but not both.

For instance, you can be mortal or immortal, but it would be impossible lớn be somewhere in the middle. A few more examples of complementary antonyms are:

vacant — occupied
on — off
yes — no

4. Converse Antonyms

Converse antonyms are also referred lớn as relational antonyms. These are a pair of words that establishes a relationship from opposite perspectives. For example, parent is a relational antonym of offspring.

Here are a few more examples of converse antonyms:

employee — employer
prey — predator
doctor — patient

Prefixes and Antonyms

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Sometimes (but not always) a prefix can be added lớn a word lớn create an antonym. Remember: A prefix is a letter or group of letters added lớn the beginning of a word.

Below, you’ll find a few words that, when prefixes are added, express an antonymous relationship:


obedient — disobedient
honest — dishonest
comfort — discomfort

Im- or In-

decent — indecent
patient — impatient
possible — impossible


understand — misunderstand
lead — mislead
behave — misbehave


believer — nonbeliever
combatant — noncombatant
verbal — nonverbal


important — unimportant
impressed — unimpressed
ease — unease

Why Use Antonyms?

There are a few reasons why you should familiarize yourself with antonyms.

First, they help expand your vocabulary. Sometimes the best way lớn truly understand what a word means is lớn know what it is not. So, when you’re studying vocabulary, make sure lớn take a look at the word’s antonyms. Secondly, antonyms can help add variety lớn your text, especially with descriptive writing. Take a look at the following examples:

The old man’s skin was not smooth. .

The old man’s skin was wrinkled and weathered.

Using antonyms can help your audience better visualize your writing.

Lastly, familiarizing yourself with antonymous relationships can help strengthen comparisons. For instance, understanding that good is the opposite of evil and strategically juxtaposing them in your writing can help highlight one over the other. So, if you’re trying lớn elevate your skills as a writer, it’s a good idea lớn start learning antonyms. Doing this, plus using LanguageTool as your writing assistant, will surely take your writing lớn the next level.

  • Gina

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