sponsor là gì

From Wikipedia, the không tính tiền encyclopedia

Bạn đang xem: sponsor là gì

Corporate logos showing NASCAR team sponsors

Sponsoring something (or someone) is the act of supporting an sự kiện, activity, person, or organization financially or through the provision of products or services. The individual or group that provides the tư vấn, similar vĩ đại a benefactor, is known as the sponsor.


Sponsorship[1] is a cash and/or in-kind fee paid vĩ đại a property (typically in sports, arts, entertainment or causes) in return for access vĩ đại the exploitable commercial potential associated with that property.

While the sponsoree (property being sponsored) may be nonprofit, unlike philanthropy, sponsorship is done with the expectation of a commercial return.

While sponsorship can deliver increased awareness, brand building and propensity vĩ đại purchase, it is different from advertising. Unlike advertising, sponsorship can not communicate specific product attributes. Nor can it stand alone, as sponsorship requires tư vấn elements.


A range of psychological and communications theories have been used vĩ đại explain how commercial sponsorship works vĩ đại impact consumer audiences. Most use the notion that a brand (sponsor) and sự kiện (sponsoree) become linked in memory through the sponsorship and as a result, thinking of the brand can trigger event-linked associations. Cornwell, Weeks and Roy (2005)[2] have published an extensive review of the theories ví far used vĩ đại explain commercial sponsorship effects.

One of the most pervasive findings in sponsorship is that the best effects are achieved where there is a logical match between the sponsor and sponsoree, such as a sports brand sponsoring a sports sự kiện. Work by Cornwell and colleagues[3] however, has shown that brands that don't have a logical match can still benefit, at least in terms of memory effects, if the sponsor articulates some rationale for the sponsorship vĩ đại the audience.


Sponsorship of an automotive company in equestrian sports
  • Series sponsor is the highest status of sponsorship. Often the name and the logo of the sponsor is incorporated into the title of the series (Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series). This status also allows companies vĩ đại have a decisive voice on the issue of presence among sponsors of other companies operating in the same business, the priority right vĩ đại use teams, team members, players, coaches, and the sanctioning toàn thân for conducting joint promotions, right of presence at all official events dedicated vĩ đại a sports sự kiện, mandatory mentioning in all activities conducted on behalf of the team, highlighting the name of title sponsor in film credits, television programs which were created with its financial tư vấn, placement of logos and banners. Often a patch or sticker is required vĩ đại placed or worn on a highly visible item (uniform, race xế hộp, billboard) of every competitor, even if their personal sponsor is in direct competition with the series sponsor.
  • Title sponsor characterizes the most significant contribution vĩ đại a company in organizing and hosting an sự kiện. Often the name of such sponsor is placed next vĩ đại the name of competition, teams, individual athletes and is associated with it (for example, the logo of a title sponsor is placed in various places around the stadium or track (such as painted in the infield grass / pavement or walls, various places on the field, signboards on the sides of the field, etc.), the name in the title of an tự động racing event's official name, or the name of an American football college bowl game). In case of title sponsor's presence, the general sponsor position may remain không tính tiền.
  • General sponsor is a sponsor that makes one of the largest contributions (in absence of a title sponsor – usually more phàn nàn 50% of all sponsorship funds raised) and that receives for it the right vĩ đại use the image of competition as well as extensive truyền thông coverage. If necessary, the status of the general sponsor may be supplemented by the general sponsors for certain categories, as well as the main sponsor.
  • Team sponsor provides funds for individual teams. The more money provided (primary sponsor vs. secondary sponsor), the larger area and more visible location are allocated. In some instances, the team sponsor may be rotated between the primary and secondary sponsor roles. This usually occurs with tự động racing teams that travel over a vast area. A team sponsor may take the primary sponsorship role at a race in an area where they are present, such as a store chain. That sponsor may take a secondary sponsorship role, or not even be on the xế hộp, in an area they have little or no presence, or are prohibited by law vĩ đại sell, such as alcohol or tobacco products.
  • Official sponsor is a sponsor that makes a certain part of raised funds (within 20–25%). Typically, the given status may be granted by category ("official insurance partner", "official automotive partner", etc.).
  • Technical sponsor is a sponsor which promotes organization of sporting events through the partial or full payment of goods and services (e.g., medical equipment, fitness, organization of transportation and lodging).
  • Participating sponsor is a company, the sponsorship fee size of which usually does not exceed 10% of total raised funds..
  • Informational sponsor is an organization that provides informational tư vấn through truyền thông coverage, conducting PR-actions, joint actions, etc.


All sponsorship should be based on contractual obligations between the sponsor and the sponsored các buổi party. Sponsors and sponsored parties should mix out clear terms and conditions with all other partners involved, vĩ đại define their expectations regarding all aspects of the sponsorship khuyễn mãi giảm giá. Sponsorship should be recognisable as such.

Xem thêm: cruel là gì

The terms and conduct of sponsorship should be based upon the principle of good faith between all parties vĩ đại the sponsorship. There should be clarity regarding the specific rights being sold and confirmation that these are available for sponsorship from the rights holder. Sponsored parties should have the absolute right vĩ đại decide on the value of the sponsorship rights that they are offering and the appropriateness of the sponsor with whom they contract.[4]


The sales cycle for selling sponsors is often a lengthy process that consists of researching prospects, creating tailored proposals based on a company's business objectives, finding the right contacts at a company, getting buy-in from multiple constituencies and finally negotiating benefits/price. Some sales can take up vĩ đại a year and sellers report spending anywhere between 1–5 hours researching each company that is viewed as a potential prospect for sponsorship.[5]

Leveraging and activation[edit]

These are the terms used by many sponsorship professionals, which refer vĩ đại how a sponsor uses the benefits they are allocated under the terms of a sponsorship agreement. Leveraging has been defined by Weeks, Cornwell and Drennan (2008) as "the act of using collateral marketing communications vĩ đại exploit the commercial potential of the association between a sponsor and sponsee" while activation has been defined as those "communications that promote the engagement, involvement, or participation of the sponsorship audience with the sponsor."[6]

Money spent on activation is over and above the rights fee paid vĩ đại the sponsored property and is often far greater phàn nàn the cost of the rights fee."[6]


Slazenger has the longest sponsorship in sport, supplying tennis balls vĩ đại Wimbledon since 1902.[7]

IEG projects spending on sponsorship globally vĩ đại grow 4.5 percent in 2018 vĩ đại $65.8 billion, including $24.2 billion in North America alone (a 4.5% increase from $24.1 billion in 2017).[8] Europe is the largest source of sponsorship spending, with €26.44 million (US$29 million) in just the EU thành viên states in năm trước,[9] followed by North America, the Asia Pacific region. Growth in Central and South America during 2010 did not materialize vĩ đại the extent projected—3.8 percent versus a forecast of 5.7 percent—despite the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games in Brazil in năm trước and năm nhâm thìn, respectively. With the 2010 World Cup concluded, sponsorship activity should begin vĩ đại heat up, thus the region is projected vĩ đại be the fastest-growing source of sponsorship dollars outside North America, with a forecast growth rate of 5.6 percent for 2011.

Relaxed television industry legislation surrounding product placement has led vĩ đại a small but increasing rise in TV programming sponsorship in the UK. However, commercial sponsorship of British sports teams and players is a multibillion-pound industry. For example, Adidas became the sponsor and supplier of Manchester United's kit for ten seasons, in a năm trước khuyễn mãi giảm giá with a guaranteed minimum value of £750 million (more phàn nàn US$1.1 billion).[10]

As it has in most years over the past two-plus decades, sponsorship's growth rate will be ahead of the pace experienced by advertising and sales promotion, according vĩ đại IEG.

Xem thêm: mathematics là gì

See also[edit]

  • Marketing
  • Advertising
  • Donation
  • Cause marketing
  • Ambush marketing
  • Naming rights
  • Sports marketing
  • Sustaining program
  • European Sponsorship Association
  • Sponsorship broker
  • List of sponsored sports stadiums
  • List of advertising technology companies


  1. ^ "Sponsorship Lexicon and Glossary – Sponsorship Resources". sponsorship.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  2. ^ Cornwell, T. Bettina; Weeks, Clinton S.; Roy, Donald Phường. (28 April 2018). "Sponsorship-Linked Marketing: Opening the Black Box". Journal of Advertising. 34 (2): 21–42. doi:10.1080/00913367.2005.10639194. JSTOR 4189295. S2CID 15520591.
  3. ^ "Cornwell, T. B., Humphreys, M. S., Maguire, A. M., Weeks, C. S., & Tellegen, C. L. (2006). Sponsorship-linked marketing: The role of articulation in memory. Journal of Consumer Research, 33, 312–321" (PDF). qut.edu.au. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  4. ^ "ICC Code, Sponsorship - ICC Codes Centre". www.codescentre.com. Archived from the original on 18 October 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Sponsor Research is Not a Zero Sum Equation". Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
  6. ^ a b "Weeks, C.S., Cornwell, T.B., Drennan, J.C. (2008). Leveraging sponsorships on the internet: Activation, congruence, and articulation. Psychology and Marketing, 25, 637–54" (PDF). umich.edu. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  7. ^ "At 113 Years and Counting, Slazenger Maintains the Longest Sponsorship in Sports". S&E Sponsorship Group. 4 November năm ngoái. Archived from the original on 17 June năm nhâm thìn.
  8. ^ "What Sponsors Want & Where Dollars Will Go in 2018".
  9. ^ "2014 European Sponsorship figures". www.sponsorship.org. European Sponsorship Association. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Manchester United PLC reaches agreement with Adidas". www.manutd.com. (Manchester United). Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2015.