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In the 19th century, the term strongman referred đồ sộ an exhibitor of strength or similar circus performers who performed feats of strength. Today, strength athletics, also known as strongman competitions, are composed of a variety of events in which competitors have đồ sộ move the highest weights possible, the winner being the one having the highest tally across all events.
In the first half of the 20th century, strongmen would perform various feats of strength such as the bent press (not đồ sộ be confused with the bench press, which did not exist at the time), supporting large amounts of weight held overhead at arm's length, steel bending, chain breaking, etc. They needed đồ sộ have large amounts of wrist, hand, and tendon strength for these feats, as well as prodigious oblique strength.
In the late 20th century the term strongman evolved đồ sộ describe one who competes in strength athletics – a more modern eclectic strength competition in which competitors display their raw functional strength through exercises such as lifting rocks, toting refrigerators, pulling trains, towing an eighteen-wheel truck behind them, etc. The most famous competitions of this type are the World's Strongest Man, the Europe's Strongest Man, the Arnold Strongman Classic, the Strongman Champions League, the World's Ultimate Strongman, the Rogue Invitational and the Giants Live tour, and more than thở đôi mươi countries also hold national-level competitions as well.
Many sports-specific training facilities have begun đồ sộ incorporate movements associated with strongman competitions into their general training schemes, albeit with lighter weights used, e.g. tyre flips, sled drags, object loading or carrying, log pressing, farmer's walks and sánh on.
Training for strongman involves building overall strength in the thể hình and training with competition implements đồ sộ gain familiarity. In the thể hình, it is necessary đồ sộ train the entire toàn thân for strength, especially with variants of the squat, deadlift, and overhead press. Also important is explosive power, developed by weightlifting-style lifts, and cardiovascular conditioning. Grip strength must also be developed.
Although you can vì thế general strength training, at a typical thể hình, training with a strongman regimen requires equipment not typically found in a thể hình. Some equipment used in a strongman competition would have đồ sộ be found custom-made or at a strongman thể hình. Some of these equipment includes natural stones, tree trunk logs, farmers walk frames, yokes, kegs and various sorts of vehicles.
Another part of a strongman's training is its intense diet regime. The biggest strongman competitors would need đồ sộ ingest around 8,000 - 10,000 calories a day.
Though competitive strongman events are ever changing, there are a number of staples that frequently appear on the international stage, including:
Strongman is often incorrectly used đồ sộ describe a person who does weightlifting or bodybuilding. Due đồ sộ the circus and entertainment background, nineteenth-century bodybuilders were expected đồ sộ mingle with the crowd during intermission and perform strength feats lượt thích thẻ tearing, nail bending, etc. đồ sộ demonstrate strength as well as symmetry and size. Also, many strongmen sold photos of themselves nude or near-nude, flexing and posing. Although, what they considered the epitome of male beauty was different from modern ideals – particularly the very low emphasis on chest size, and great emphasis on oblique size, and symmetry as evidenced by photos of Eugen Sandow.
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The Strongmen are listed according đồ sộ the chronological order of their birth.
The following 74 strongmen have reached the podium (1st, 2nd or 3rd place) of World's Strongest Man since 1977 and/or World Muscle Power Classic from 1985 đồ sộ 2004 and/or Arnold Strongman Classic since 2002. They are listed according đồ sộ the chronological order of their podium appearance.
24 of them have won the World's Strongest Man (WSM), 11 have won the World Muscle Power Classic (WMPC) and 9 have won the Arnold Strongman Classic (ASC).
7 men have won both WSM & WMPC (Kazmaier, Capes, Sigmarsson, Reeves, Magnússon, Ahola, Karlsen). 5 men have won both WSM & ASC (Savickas, Shaw, Björnsson, Licis, Hooper).
Additionally, following 48 strongmen have reached either 4th or 5th places of World's Strongest Man and/or World Muscle Power Classic and/or Arnold Strongman Classic:
Lou Ferrigno, Franco Columbu, Jon Kolb, Gus Rethwisch, Bishop Dolegiewicz, Jerry Hannan, Craig Wolfley, Ernie Hackett, Hamish Davidson, Rudolph Kuester, George Hechter, Dan Markovic, Jean-Pierre Brulois, Tom Hawk, László Fekete, Adrian Smith, Berend Veneberg, Heinz Ollesch, Pieter de Bruyn, Martin Muhr, Wayne Price, Nathan Jones, Bill Lyndon, Johnny Perry, Brian Bell, Arvydas Pintinas, Andy Bolton, Steve Kirit, Bill Pittuck, Sami Heinonen, Jarek Dymek, Brian Schoonveld, Odd Haugen, Brian Siders, Benedikt Magnússon, Mark Felix, Tarmo Mitt, Vidas Blekaitis, Stefán Sölvi Pétursson, Laurence Shahlaei, Krzysztof Radzikowski, Dimitar Savatinov, Konstantine Janashia, Matjaz Belsak, Rob Kearney, Trey Mitchell, Thomas Evans and Evan Singleton.
- Below table summarizes the 50 most decorated strongmen in modern history with the most number of international wins (1st places) in their careers.
- No. of total career competitions against the No. of wins (1st places only, open category only).
|#||Name||Nationality||Active||Competitions||Wins||Win %||Notable Accolades[a]|
|1||Žydrūnas Savickas||Lithuania||1996–2022||153||84||54.90%||Multiple times World Champion|
|2||Mariusz Pudzianowski||Poland||2000–2009||61||43||70.49%||Multiple times World Champion|
|3||Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson||Iceland||2010–2020||65||30||46.15%||Multiple times World Champion|
|4||Brian Shaw||United States||2007–2023||65||27||41.54%||Multiple times World Champion|
|5||Krzysztof Radzikowski||Poland||2005–2019||112||23||20.53%||Strongman Champions League|
|6||Aivars Šmaukstelis||Latvia||2014–||63||22||34.92%||Strongman Champions League|
|7||Ervin Katona||Serbia||2003–2015||99||17||17.17%||Strongman Champions League|
|8||Hugo Girard||Canada||1998–2008||37||15||40.54%||World Muscle Power Classic|
|9||Dainis Zageris||Latvia||2009–2022||87||15||17.24%||Strongman Champions League|
|10||Jón Páll Sigmarsson||Iceland||1982–1992||29||13||44.82%||Multiple times World Champion|
|11||Magnús Ver Magnússon||Iceland||1987–2005||48||12||25.00%||Multiple times World Champion|
|12||Magnus Samuelsson||Sweden||1995–2008||63||12||19.05%||World's Strongest Man|
|13||Jouko Ahola||Finland||1994–2002||22||11||50.00%||Multiple times World Champion|
|14||Riku Kiri||Finland||1987–1999||25||11||44.00%||World Strongman Challenge|
|15||Oleksii Novikov||Ukraine||2016–||38||11||28.95%||World's Strongest Man|
|16||Mikhail Koklyaev||Russia||2005–2014||50||11||22.00%||Strongman Champions League|
|17||Mateusz Kieliszkowski||Poland||2014–||41||10||24.39%||World's Ultimate Strongman|
|18||Matjaz Belsak||Slovenia||2014–2020||60||10||16.67%||Arnold Strongman Classic Europe|
|19||JF Caron||Canada||2007–2022||72||10||13.89%||North America's Strongest Man|
|20||Geoff Capes||Great Britain||1979–1988||20||9||45.00%||Multiple times World Champion|
|21||Bill Kazmaier||United States||1979–1990||18||8||44.44%||Multiple times World Champion|
|22||Derek Poundstone||United States||2006–2017||22||8||36.36%||Arnold Strongman Classic|
|23||Martins Licis||United States||2015–||23||8||34.78%||Multiple times World Champion|
|24||Vytautas Lalas||Lithuania||2007–2018||30||8||26.67%||Arnold Strongman Classic|
|25||Janne Virtanen||Finland||1998–2009||50||8||16.00%||World's Strongest Man|
|26||Laurence Shahlaei||Great Britain||2007–2021||55||8||14.55%||Europe's Strongest Man|
|27||Kelvin de Ruiter||Netherlands||2011–||34||7||20.59%||Strongman Champions League|
|28||Travis Ortmayer||United States||2005–||51||7||13.72%||Strongman Champions League|
|29||Svend Karlsen||Norway||1996–2006||64||7||10.94%||Multiple times World Champion|
|30||Manfred Hoeberl||Austria||1990–1996||18||6||33.33%||World Muscle Power Classic|
|31||Vasyl Virastyuk||Ukraine||2002–2008||28||6||21.43%||World's Strongest Man|
|32||Andrus Murumets||Estonia||2003–2009||40||6||15.00%||Strongman Champions League|
|33||Mitchell Hooper||Canada||2022–||12||5||41.67%||Multiple times World Champion|
|34||Flemming Rasmussen||Denmark||1995–2001||19||5||26.32%||World's Strongest Viking|
|35||Evan Singleton||United States||2018–||21||5||23.81%||Giants Live Strongman Classic|
|36||Mykhailo Starov||Ukraine||2004–2006||24||5||20.83%||World Strongman Cup|
|37||Mikhail Shivlyakov||Russia||2011–2021||44||5||11.36%||Arnold Strongman Classic South America|
|37||Stojan Todorchev||Bulgaria||2005–2017||44||5||11.36%||World Strongman Cup|
|38||Raivis Vidzis||Latvia||2002–2009||45||5||11.11%||World Strongman Cup|
|39||Jarek Dymek||Poland||2000–2010||46||5||10.87%||Europe's Strongest Man|
|40||Pavlo Kordiyaka||Ukraine||2017–||15||4||26.67%||Europe's Strongest Man|
|41||Trey Mitchell||United States||2016–||22||4||18.18%||Shaw Classic|
|42||Glenn Ross||Northern Ireland||1997–2011||33||4||12.12%||World Strongman Cup|
|43||Jamie Reeves||Great Britain||1988–1999||38||4||10.52%||Multiple times World Champion|
|44||Rauno Heinla||Estonia||2009–||52||4||7.69%||Strongman Champions League|
|45||Terry Hollands||Great Britain||2005–2021||92||4||4.35%||Strongman Champions League|
|46||Janne Hartikainen||Finland||2004–2009||4||3||75.00%||U105 Strongman World Championships|
|47||Oskar Ziółkowski||Poland||2020–||7||3||42.85%||Strongman Champions League|
|47||Andrew Clayton||United States||2014–2022||7||3||42.85%||U105 Official Strongman Games|
|48||Mike Jenkins||United States||2010–2013||9||3||33.33%||Arnold Strongman Classic|
|49||Tom Magee||Canada||1982–1990||12||3||25.00%||Défi Mark Ten International|
|50||Mike Burke||United States||2011-2015||18||3||16.66%||Giants Live|
- As at 2 September 2023
- List of strongmen
- List of strongman competitions
- Grip strength
- Lifting stone
- Power training
- Strength training
- World Strongman Federation
- World Strongman Cup Federation
- Highland games (Scottish heritage)
- History of physical training and fitness
Wikimedia Commons has truyền thông media related đồ sộ Strongmen.
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- United States All Round Weightlifting Association
- Oldtime Strongman
- Old-School Strongmen – slideshow by Life magazine
- Oldtime Strongmen List
- World Strongman Federation